Critically discuss the significance of Optimism in Candide.

Processed with VSCO with p5 preset

Candide (1759), or Optimism, is a French satire written by Voltaire (1694 – 1778), a philosopher of the Enlightenment. Candide quickly became a bestseller of the European book trade in the eighteenth century; at least 20,000 copies of the book were sold within a month of its publication and, consequently, has become one of the key texts of the Enlightenment (Pearson 2008). In this essay, therefore, I will discuss Candide and its impact on the Age of the Enlightenment. In particular, I am going to critically discuss the significance of optimism in Candide, a major recurring theme in the novel that Voltaire attacks.

Continue reading “Critically discuss the significance of Optimism in Candide.”

Advertisements

My Meeting with a Holocaust Survivor

Recently I went to Kraków in Poland with uni, and it was here I met Monika Goldwasser.

I visited the Galicia Jewish Museum located in the Jewish Quarter of Kraków, a permanent photo exhibition documenting/celebrating the lives of the Jewish people in this area.

Once we finished our tour, we were directed to a room in the back of the building where we were met with a glamorous woman with long black hair pinned up in a beehive shaped bun. She was beautiful, but I noticed she never smiled. I also noticed her eyes, they were so sad.

Now, when one thinks of a Holocaust survivor, one mostly like thinks of a person who has survived a concentration camp. However, how Monika Goldwasser survived the Holocaust was miraculous.

Continue reading “My Meeting with a Holocaust Survivor”

What role does scripture play in fundamentalist ideology?

When one thinks of fundamentalism, one most likely thinks of violence, preaching and a literal interpretation of scripture. But to what extent does scripture play a role in fundamentalist ideology? In this essay, therefore, I shall focus primarily on Islamic and Christian fundamentalism and their sacred texts – the Quran and the Bible. I will illustrate how religion and ideology are conjoined with one another when exploring fundamentalism. I will also address the question why do fundamentalists select particular passages from their chosen scripture and declare them as “decisive authority” (Lawrence 1995: p. 60)? Ultimately, I will critically examine what Islamic and Christian fundamentalist ideology entails and how their scriptures play a role, and how it underpins their ideology.

Continue reading “What role does scripture play in fundamentalist ideology?”

The 3 Waves of Feminism

Hello! So, I am aware that my past few posts have been based on feminism and have been rather heavily opinionated. However, this post is going to simply be an education, a sort of wiki page if you like. It is an explanation of the feminist movement that I have only recently learned myself. This semester I took a module on Religion, Gender and Sexuality in which one theme was ‘Feminism and the Rise of the Feminist Movement’. I thoroughly enjoyed this module and I wish to share what I learned (and also so that my revision didn’t go to waste hahaha).

Quick Overview: 

  • The feminist movement spans a couple of hundred years.
  • The feminist movement is divided into three ‘waves’ – an appropriate term to use as some periods of the movement was strong, and other times weak (i.e. peaks and troughs).
  • The first wave begins in the 1800’s and continued through till the late 1940’s (although this is unclear) – its successfulness is measured by which countries allowed women to vote.
  • The second wave begins in early 1950’s (although again, this is unclear) and continued through till the 1990’s – had some success (such as the Sex Discrimination Act 1975).
  • The third wave began in the 1990’s and is what we reside in today.

Now, lets go into a tad more detail (if you’re still reading)…

Continue reading “The 3 Waves of Feminism”

“So, you’re a feminist?”

screen-shot-2017-01-13-at-06-36-12

Yes, I’m a feminist, your point being? I don’t understand the big deal. To say you’re a feminist, means you believe that men and women should be treated equally, WHAT IS SO HARD TO GRASP? IT MAKES YOU A DECENT HUMAN BEING TO SAY, “oh yes, I believe that men and women should be treated the same on a social, political, economic, personal level”.

Continue reading ““So, you’re a feminist?””