The 3 Waves of Feminism

Hello! So, I am aware that my past few posts have been based on feminism and have been rather heavily opinionated. However, this post is going to simply be an education, a sort of wiki page if you like. It is an explanation of the feminist movement that I have only recently learned myself. This semester I took a module on Religion, Gender and Sexuality in which one theme was ‘Feminism and the Rise of the Feminist Movement’. I thoroughly enjoyed this module and I wish to share what I learned (and also so that my revision didn’t go to waste hahaha).

Quick Overview: 

  • The feminist movement spans a couple of hundred years.
  • The feminist movement is divided into three ‘waves’ – an appropriate term to use as some periods of the movement was strong, and other times weak (i.e. peaks and troughs).
  • The first wave begins in the 1800’s and continued through till the late 1940’s (although this is unclear) – its successfulness is measured by which countries allowed women to vote.
  • The second wave begins in early 1950’s (although again, this is unclear) and continued through till the 1990’s – had some success (such as the Sex Discrimination Act 1975).
  • The third wave began in the 1990’s and is what we reside in today.

Now, lets go into a tad more detail (if you’re still reading)…

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“So, you’re a feminist?”

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Yes, I’m a feminist, your point being? I don’t understand the big deal. To say you’re a feminist, means you believe that men and women should be treated equally, WHAT IS SO HARD TO GRASP? IT MAKES YOU A DECENT HUMAN BEING TO SAY, “oh yes, I believe that men and women should be treated the same on a social, political, economic, personal level”.

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To what extent is the Bible a ‘patriarchal’ book?

The Bible is a highly influential book but should it be if it is regarded as ‘patriarchal’? Stereotypically women are viewed as the weaker sex because supposedly they are responsible for household chores and the looking after of children. However, men are viewed as stronger because they are responsible for providing for the family. Is the Bible to blame for this? Is this due to the Bible being ‘patriarchal’? The Bible has so much influence over the world, for example some construct their moral and ethical codes around it (Barton 2010). The Bible is so deeply ingrained in Western psyche that people are able to use it to justify the inferiority of women due to its divine authority and inerrancy (Davies 2013). Is this okay? It is the 21st Century, surely humanity has developed to be able to treat men and women as equals, to treat them both with equal respect, without having to refer to a book written hundreds of years ago by predominately male authors. Therefore, the purpose of this essay is to critically discuss the Bible’s patriarchal nature, with reference to its non-patriarchal characteristics to make a grounded and balanced argument as to determine the extent of the Bible as a ‘patriarchal’ book.

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“Feminazism”

Just like with anything, people take things one step too far. The term “feminazi” refers to radical feminists who preach that women should have superiority over men, that bras symbolises oppression, that if women shave their body hair, they’re letting down the feminists. Well, no. What being a feminist actually means is that you believe that men and women should be treated equally, no ifs, ands or buts.

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Emotional abuse is still abuse.

This post is different from my others, it’s a rather personal post. I was apprehensive about posting this because it doesn’t exactly go with my blog and also, quite frankly I was scared as it is something that I rarely speak about. But I feel it is something that needs to be spoken about as I feel that people are not aware of what it is, and I also feel that it is considered a taboo subject. I was in a toxic relationship and I was not aware of what emotional abuse was until really when I got out of the relationship about a year ago. I’m not going into detail about my experiences because for one, I don’t want to relive it; and two, if he finds this post, he’ll get mad and I doubt he wants his name tarnished.

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Discuss the significance of the miracle stories in the Gospels.

The miracles that Jesus performed are found in the Gospels of the New Testament. The events have been termed ‘miracles’ due to a number of reasons, including the definition of what a miracle is by notable people. Saint Thomas Aquinas stated that a miracle is “beyond the order commonly observed in nature”. Similarly, to David Hume who famously defined a miracle as “a violation of the laws of nature”. Out of all the subjects related to Jesus, his miracles are the one topic that has presented the most problems for readers in recent centuries. Many people, including some Christians, have found it hard to believe that the alleged miracles actually took place. However, nonetheless, the teachings of Jesus still come across loud and clear. We tend to extract the meanings and teachings behind the miracles against the background of the Old Testament. This aims to show how the prophecies were fulfilled by Jesus, and how the long awaited kingdom had arrived through him (Drane 1999). It is necessary to understand the miracles in this frame of reference.

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Did Islam Spread by the Sword in India?

Islam has had a huge social, political and economic impact on India. However, the older religion of Hinduism was dominant in India when Islam expanded into the Middle East and Central Asia (Stearns 2001). Thus the question arises of how the Muslims ruled over India for over a thousand years? Today, Islam is only a minority religion in India with only fourteen percent of the population made up of Muslims (Esposito 2003). But how did Islam spread to India to begin with when Hinduism was the dominant religion? I am going to discuss the different theories of how Islam spread to India, including the idea that it was spread by the sword.

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